Endometriosis is a gynaecological condition where ‘endometrial-like tissue’ grows outside the uterine cavity, usually in the lower pelvic cavity. It is known as ‘endometrial-like tissue’, as it is not identical to the cells found within the uterus, however it does share a number of similarities. It is estimated that 1 in 10 Australian women, girls and other individuals are living with endometriosis.
While endometriosis is fuelled by one of our hormones – oestrogen, there is currently no known cause for why this tissue growth forms outside of the uterus. Unfortunately, with every menstrual cycle, scar tissue and adhesions can form through the associated hormone release. You may experience a wide range of symptoms such as abdominal and pelvic pain, painful periods, inflammation, bloating and cramping.
These symptoms can be effectively managed following diagnosis, but some people may experience long-term persistent pain, symptom recurrence and compromised fertility. This condition is highly correlated with bladder, bowel, and sexual dysfunction. Laparoscopic surgery is currently the “gold-standard” of diagnosis and surgical management of endometriosis, however, there is currently no known cure.