What is solid-organ transplantation?
Solid-organ transplant surgery is an accepted life-saving procedure with over 1300 recipients in Australia in 2015 (1). The most common organ transplanted is the kidney, followed by the liver, lungs, heart and pancreas. Often, the major indications for organ transplantation are chronic end-stage diseases specific to each organ (e.g. end-stage kidney disease). Following transplantation, patients are treated with immunosuppression therapy to prevent organ rejection. Consequently, these medications may result in significant loss of fitness and weight gain, contributing to the development of the metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease (2).